MartialInfo

Complete history and chronology of Hapkido

Hapkido



The way of coordinated power.



"In Hapkido, one can acquire the basic senses at the age of 40. Who can claim to be a learner of Hapkido without experiencing the time and tide, and the sweet and bitter? To my fellow black belt holders, as a master who practiced Hapkido for 20 years and who is just about to know what Hapkido is, I will step into your shoes and can only be as humble as a two-year-old learning how to walk. As you just acquired the requirement of learning the techniques of Hapkido, I hope that you become true followers of Martial Arts of diligence and perseverance, and modesty."
Dojunim Choi Yong Sul


Founder: Young Sul Choi

Chronology

6/9/1904

 

Yong Sul Choi was born

0/0/1945

 

Yong Sul Choi returns to Korea
Yong Sul Choi returns to Korea after living in Japan with, and training under daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu founder Takeda Sokaku. He begins teaching that style, called dai dong yusool" in Korean, which later became known as hapkido.

0/0/1949

 

Thirteen year old Ji Han Jae began his martial arts training under Choi, Yung Sul

0/0/1954

 

Taoist Lee Do-Sa also taught Ji Han Jae meditation
Taoist Lee Do-Sa also taught Ji meditation, traditional weapons and the complete kicking arts of the ancient SamRan.

0/0/1957

 

Ji Han Jae opened his first dojang in Andong
DoJuNim opened his first dojang in Andong, the Andong Military/Martial Art- Exercise/Practice Institute, at the age of 21.

0/0/1958

 

Ji Han Jae moved his school to Joong Boo Shi Jang and continued to teach there until April of 1960.

0/0/1959

 

In 1959 Myung Jae Nam moved to Seoul where he teamed up with Hapkido master Ji Han Jae
In 1959 Myung Jae Nam moved to Seoul where he teamed up with Hapkido master Ji Han Jae after having studied judo for a while. He later started his own school in the city of Incheon while still involved with Ji Han Jaes organization.
When he was already an accomplished master of Hapkido, he developed a great interest in Japanese Aikido. When one uses Chinese characters the spelling for Aikido and Hapkido are identical, which is not strange considering the fact that both art probably share the same roots. During the 1960s Myung Jae Nam had a few encounters with a Japanese officer and practitioner of Aikido, known to us as Yoshihiko Hirata Sensei. This sparked his interest in Aikido techniques and he began practicing the techniques he had learned and started to integrate them into his Hapkido curriculum.
This eventually even led to the point where Myung Jae Nam was the Korean representative of the main Japanese Aikido organization, the Aikikai.

0/0/1961

 

Grandmaster Ji was joined in Seoul by Kim
(Source: Scott Shaw)
In 1961, Grandmaster Ji was joined in Seoul by Kim, Yong Jin who opened the Oh Ji Kwan school of Hapkido. Soon after that, Kim, Moo Hong established Sin Moo Kwan Hapkido.

0/0/1964

 

Hapkido was formally introduced into the United States in 1964
(Source: Scott Shaw)
Hapkido was formally introduced into the United States in 1964 by then twenty-eight year old, Sea Oh Choi. At that time he held the rank of 5th dan Black Belt. Though not the first Hapkido Black Belt to immigrate to America, he was the first instructor to open a Hapkido school in the United States. The name of the school was the Hapki-Jujitsu School of Self Defense. It was located at 821 Temple Street in Los Angeles, California. He later relocated his school to 721 S. Western Ave. Master Choi retired from teaching Hapkido in the mid 1970s, at the rank of 6th dan, to pursue a career in architecture and interior design.

0/0/1965

 

The Korea Hapkido Association was established by Ji Han Jae.

0/0/1967

 

Bong Soo Han emigrated to the United States of America
(Source: wikipedia)
In 1967, Han emigrated to the United States of America, first staying with and teaching at his friend S. O. Choi hapkido school in California. Han later opened his own school in Los Angeles in 1968. His early years were difficult and he worked in a factory during the day while he taught at a struggling hapkido school in the evening located in an economically depressed area. Later, he relocated his school to the Pacific Palisades area in an effort to be closer to Hollywood and the movie industry.

0/0/1967

 

Grandmaster Ji initiated the use of the eagle as the logo for Hapkido
(Source: Scott Shaw)
In 1967 Grandmaster Ji initiated the use of the eagle as the logo for Hapkido. Later that same year, the first text book on Hapkido was written by Hapkido Masters: Nyung, Kwan Shik and Kim, Jong Tek.

0/0/1968

 

In 1968 another student of Ji, Myung, Kwan Shik, opened a new Hapkido Kwan in Seoul
(Source: Scott Shaw)
In 1968 another student of Ji, Myung, Kwan Shik, opened a new Hapkido Kwan in Seoul. It was called Young Moo Kwan.

0/0/1969

 

Grandmaster Ji first visited the United States and was introduced to Bruce Lee
(Source: Scott Shaw)
In 1969, Grandmaster Ji first visited the United States and was introduced to Bruce Lee by Grandmaster Jhoon Rhee. He later appeared in Bruce Lee film, Game of Death.

0/0/1969

 

Ja Han Jae first came to the United States to teach Hapkido to President Richard Nixon Security Forces.

7/4/1970

 

Actor Tom Laughlin witnesses a public hapkido demonstration by Master Bong Soo
(Source: John Corcoran)
Actor Tom Laughlin witnesses a public hapkido demonstration by Master Bong Soo Han and is so impressed, he meets him in person and the two discuss using hapkido in Laughlins film, "Billy Jack." That collaboration would eventually lead to a national surge in martial arts interest by the American public.

4/4/1971

 

Master Bong Soo Han powerful hapkido fight scenes
(Source: John Corcoran)
Although Billy Jack died financially in its initial 1971 run, Master Bong Soo Han powerful hapkido fight scenes in the film original release set in motion an unprecedented mainstream surge in popularity of the martial arts. This surge ignites into a genuine martial arts boom throughout the world when Bruce Lee films and the Kung Fu TV series jointly captivate the public in 1972. Ironically, Billy Jacks 73 success was evidently due to some extent to the growth in martial arts popularity that the movies original release helped create two years earlier.

5/1/1971

 

Master Bong Soo Han potent hapkido fight scenes in the film Billy Jack
(Source: John Corcoran)
Master Bong Soo Han potent hapkido fight scenes in the film Billy Jack set in motion an unprecedented mainstream surge in popularity of the martial arts. Billy Jack died at the box office in its initial run on this date, but took in more than $40 million in its 1973 re-release. Ironically, Billy Jacks 73 success was evidently due to some extent to the unprecedented martial arts craze that the films original release helped create two years earlier.

10/1/1972

 

Ji Han Jae starred in the movie called Hapkido
Korea, 1934. During the Japanese occupation, there is open warfare between rival martial arts schools. There is a fight in the marketplace, and three Chinese students can't stand the unfair way of students that side up with the invasors, when they gang assault one of the fighting men. Between the three, they send the aggressors away. Retaliation is heavy: their school is destroyed, and they are banished. They return to China, and start their own school, and set out on good-will visits to the other martial arts schools, only to find that everybody in their neighbourhood is already dominated by the Japanese. They have many kung fu fights to win, before they eventually manage to establish peace.

0/0/1973

 

Kuk Sool Won School established in U.S.A.

0/0/1973

 

The three Hapkido organizations in Korea unified into one, the Republic of Korea Hapkido Association.

5/9/1973

 

Billy Jack, starring Tom Laughlin, in 1972 is re-released in theaters
(Source: John Corcoran)
Billy Jack, starring Tom Laughlin, in 1972 is re-released in theaters after bombing at the box office in its original release two years earlier. This time it ultimately earns over $40 million. It cost an estimated $800,000 to make.

0/0/1974

 

In 1974 Bong Soo Han had a starring role with Master Edmund K. Parker the father of American Kenpo Karate in the action film Kill The Golden Goose.
(Source: wikipedia)

0/0/1974

 

In 1974, Bong Soo Han founded the International Hapkido Federation.

0/0/1979

 

yung Jae Nam published a book that is simply called Hapkido
In 1979 Myung Jae Nam published a book that is simply called Hapkido (written in Chinese characters), which shows a mixture of Hapkido and Aikido techniques and it features a prominent picture of Aikidos founder, Morihei Ueshiba.

0/0/1979

 

Korean President Park, Chung Hee was assassinated
Korean President Park, Chung Hee was assassinated. Ji resigned his position in the U.S. and became a member of the Min Jung Dang Party.

0/0/1979

 

Ji Han Jae spent one year in prison because of his political affiliation.

3/1/1982

 

Panther Productions creates the first Hapkido instructional video tapes with Fariborz Azhakh
In 1982, the first training tapes ever to show Hapkido methods were released by Panther Productions, and quickly fought its way to becoming one of Panther Productions best selling videos everywhere, as well as creating a worldwide standard for the Korean art.

0/0/1984

 

In 1984, Grandmaster Ji officially relocated to the U.S.
(Source: Scott Shaw)
In 1984, Grandmaster Ji officially relocated to the U.S. and formed, Sin Moo Hapkido. Sin, referring to Higher Mind, and Moo, to Warrior Ways." Historically, it can be understood that Grandmaster Ji, Han Jae was one of the most influential and instrumental proponents of the art of Hapkido -- no matter who invented the name. Though he greatly expanded upon the art, as many advanced masters have done, he was, none-the-less, a direct student of Choi Dojunim. Thus, he did not invent the art. The foundation of Hapkido must be ultimately attributed to Choi, Yong Shul.

4/5/1985

 

Young Sul Choi personally awarded Doju Chang the only existing 10th Dan
(Source: wikipedia)
On April 5, 1985 Doju Choi personally awarded Doju Chang the only existing 10th Dan certificate in Hapkido history. Doju Chang had the privilege and honor as well of being the first hapkido master awarded the 9th Dan certificate by Doju Choi in 1980.

4/11/1985

 

Hapkido master awarded the 10th dan and the Doju title directly from Doju Choi
(Source: wikipedia)

5/1/1985

 

Fariborz Azhakh receives his 4th degree from Grandmaster Ji Han Jae
(Source: Fariborz Azhakh)

11/0/1987

 

Yong Sul Choi passed away

0/0/1995

 

Ji, Han Jae opened a dojang near Willow Grove in Levittown, Pa
DoJuNim Ji, Han Jae opened a dojang near Willow Grove in Levittown, Pa. 1999 The documentary on Bruce Lee, A Warriors Journey was released, bringing Hapkido further into the public eye.

8/3/1999

 

MYUNG JAE NAM Passes on....
(Source: Sangmookwan Texas)
In 1998 and the beginning of 1999 Master Myung Jae Nam tried to visit all of the international organizations in the US, Europe, Russia and Oceania. Due to Myung Jae Nam illness the trip to Europe had to be canceled.
Master Myung Jae Nam passed away on August 3, 1999. People visiting the I.H.F. headquarters cannot miss his grave, which is located there on a small hill. A statue of Kuksanim Myung Jae Nam overlooks the terrain next to the big H.K.D. gymnasium. Hankido students from all over the world pay their respects to this great person, whose martial art plays such an important role in their lives.
After his father death Myung Sung Kwang took over the roll as leader from the I.H.F.. The further development of the technical curriculum is now in the hands of the newly created Jae Nam Musul Won. In the years 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2007 it successfully organized four more editions of the International H.K.D. Games which all took place in Korea. Every year national games are being held at the headquarters and every month special instructor classes are conducted as well. The 8th edition of the International H.K.D. Games is scheduled to take place in the 2010 at Battle Creek, Michigan.

7/6/2006

 

On July 6, 2006, Black Belt Magazine presented the International Hapkido Federation with its 2006 Industry Award for Best Traditional School for its commitment to preserving the legacy of Hapkido.

1/8/2007

 

Korean-American hapkido master Bong Soo Han dies at his home in Santa Monica, CA. Born on Aug. 25, 1931, he was 75.
Han died at his home in Santa Monica, California, on January 8, 2007. He was buried in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery

9/5/2013

 

Grandmaster Joo Bang Lee talks about history of the Korean martial arts
(Source: Joo Bang Lee)

11/25/2014

 

Ji HanJae, Dojoo of HKD, visited the KHF Central Training Institute located in Kyungju
Ji HanJae, Dojoo of HKD, visited the KHF Central Training Institute located in Kyungju in Nov. 25, 2014. He was hosted by Oh Selim, the president of KHF, and some senior committee members. Kyungju is a historic city of Korea and once the capital city of an ancient kingdom for more than nine hundreds years. Doju Ji hopes this place become the sanctuary place for all Hapkido people of the world. And he has promised to join the 23rd KHF masters seminar in May of 2015.

 


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